Back in the time when the United States and the USSR were involved in a space race, US President Dwight D. Eisenhower started a space program, to remain competitive and ahead of the Russians. The program was named Apollo and was ran by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Later, President Eisenhower’s successor, John F. Kennedy, has given the project its real purpose: achieving the national goal of landing on the Moon. The program had 12 missions in the period from 1969 to 1972. Of those, six managed to reach their goal and land on the Moon.