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Bride’s Hill- Alabama Plantation house is one of the earliest surviving examples of the Tidewater-type cottage

Neil Patrick

zzzzooBride’s Hill, known also as Sunnybrook, is a historic house near Wheeler, Alabama. It is one of the state’s earliest surviving and most significant, examples of the Tidewater-type cottage. It was added to the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage on April 16, 1985 and to the National Register of Historic Places on July 9, 1986

 

Bride's Hill Plantation in Lawrence County was part of the Gen. Joe Wheeler estate. (Contributed by Library of Congress

Bride’s Hill Plantation in Lawrence County was part of the Gen. Joe Wheeler estate. (Contributed by Library of Congress

A member of the Dandridge family, cousins of America’s first First Lady (Martha Washington), is believed to have built Bride’s Hill. Its deep cellar, lighted by oblong ground-level windows, houses a basement kitchen-dining room. On the main floor a broad central hall, with a graceful reverse-flight stairway rising to the low half-story above, separates two large rooms. Allegedly a separate brick kitchen structure once stood to the rear. When absorbed into the vast Joseph Wheeler estate in 1907, the house and surrounding farm became known as Sunnybrook. Located in rural Lawrence County, the house has been unoccupied since the 1980s and is in a state of disrepair.

Brought to the early Alabama plantation frontier by settlers from the Tidewater and Piedmont regions of Virginia, this vernacular house-type is usually a story-and-a-half in height, and characterized by prominent end chimneys flanking a steeply pitched roof often pierced by dormer windows.

Photo was taken in the Summer of 2005 by William White. It is a picture of the antebellum house, Bride's Hill, which is located in Lawrence County,Source

Photo was taken in the Summer of 2005 by William White. It is a picture of the antebellum house, Bride’s Hill, which is located in Lawrence County,Source

 

Robert Gamble, in his book The Alabama Catalog, Historic American Buildings Survey: A Guide to the Early Architecture of the State gives this description of Bride’s Hill architecture: —

this house was developed according to the double-square formula employed by colonial Virginia house builders, the front elevation of Bride’s Hill is almost exactly twice as long as it is high, counting the slope of the roof. Another rare-perhaps unique-feature of this important early Alabama house is the cantilevered chimney pent, the narrow, shed-roofed projection that abuts the left chimney…another pent [is] to the rear of the right chimney