The first gold rush in the United States happened in North Carolina

Boban Docevski
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We’ve all heard about the famous gold rush that happened in California in 1848. The Gold Rush managed to transform California from a sleepy, unimportant place into a major center of trade and commerce. The state soon became synonymous with wealth and inspired hundreds of thousands of people to try their luck at striking gold. It is no wonder that between 1848 and 1855, the population of the region grew by 300,000. During these years, tens of billions of dollars worth of gold were found.

This was maybe the most famous gold rush, but it was not the first. Almost 50 years earlier, 3,000 miles away on the opposite coast of the States, America’s first recorded gold rush started when a little boy who was fishing caught a gold nugget.

Everything began in 1799 in Mecklenburg (now Cabarrus) County, North Carolina. Conrad Reed, a 12-year-old boy, was fishing on his family’s property when, suddenly, he noticed something shiny in the waters of Little Meadow Creek. He took the 17-pound yellow rock out of the water and carried it home.

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An 1847 map of North Carolina showing the “Gold Region.”

His father was a Hessian, a German man under arms contracted to the British government, named Johannes Reith. Like many of his fellows, Johannes had deserted his British unit during the American Revolutionary War. He changed his name to John Reed and illegally immigrated to Cabarrus County.

Reed thought that the gold nugget his son found was nothing more than an ordinary rock and paid little attention to it at the time. A few years later, still unaware of its real value, Reed decided to take the piece of rock to a jeweler in Fayetteville, just to be sure. When the jeweler saw the chunk, he carefully asked how much John wanted for it. John felt that $3.50 was the perfect price for his rock. The jeweler was more than happy to pay him this much! It turned out that the nugget was worth 1000 times more than that; its actual value was $3,600.

Soon after he sold the chunk, Reed realized he had made a mistake. He gathered all the equipment he needed and set off to find more gold on his property. He turned Little Meadow into a small mining operation, and gold pieces kept showing up. After a while, he unearthed a massive 28-pound nugget!

After hearing about this discovery, miners from all around the country started to arrive in North Carolina. Even President Thomas Jefferson arrived there in 1804 to check whether the gold rumors were true. Many successful mines started to appear across the state.

In 1831, John Reed, whose operation had previously only involved surface mining, began expanding into underground mining. Seeing the potential of the area, in 1837 the U.S. government decided to open a branch the federal mint in nearby Charlotte in 1837. Due to some family disputes, the Reed mine eventually closed, but nevertheless, John Reed managed to accumulate a lot of wealth for himself and his family. He died as a rich man in 1845.

North Carolina was the biggest producer of gold in the U.S. up until the California Gold Rush started in 1848. After this, gold mines in this region gradually began to close down.

Read another story from us: Klondike Gold Rush – When 100,000 prospectors traveled for a year to Yukon in a search for gold

Today, Reed Gold Mine is recognized as the site of the first authenticated gold find in the United States. It is a National Historic Landmark and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Reed Gold Mine offers visitors experiences such as panning for gold or a walk around the restored mining tunnels.