The Chauchilla Cemetery is a cemetery located 30 kilometers south of the city of Nazca in Peru. The site is by the Poroma riverbed and can be accessed off a dirt track from the Panamerican Highway.
It was discovered in the 1920s but had not been used since the 9th century AD. It contains ancient mummified human remains and archeological artifacts.
The mummies were, until recently, scattered across the desert, left by ransacking tomb-robbers. Now the mummies, bones, and pottery have been carefully arranged in about a dozen tombs.
The bodies are so remarkably preserved, due mainly to the arid climate in the Peruvian Desert. In addition to skulls and bones, there are several tombs which are centuries old, as well as long human hairs, ceramic fragments and other remains scattered on the desert surface. The bodies were clothed in embroidered cotton and then painted with a resin and kept in purpose-built tombs made from mud bricks. The mummies are sitting upright; they are all facing east as required under the faith of the Nazca people.
According to Atlas Obscura, many of the heads of the mummies have been specially prepared with holes drilled into the backs of their skulls, and in some cases, rope has been threaded through the mummified head.
Since 1997, the site has been protected by Peruvian law. Today, tourists pay around seven dollars to take the two-hour tour of this ancient necropolis. It is the only archeological site in Peru in which ancient mummies can be seen with grave goods in burial chambers.
The cemetery can be seen in the movie Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull. It is explicitly identified in the screenplay, promotional materials, and merchandise.