“Jamestown demonstrates that the threats to our cultural resources from a changing climate are incredibly urgent… We have a five-year window to make an impact. … This isn’t something that can wait 10 or 15 years.”

Now on the list of most endangered historic sites in America for 2022, the race to save Jamestown and the hundreds of artifacts and human remains that have yet to be excavated is underway.

The first line of defense used during archeological digs are sandbags and water pumps that help remove excess water from dig sites. The water can interfere with the preservation and research of artifacts. Metals can rust easier, which could impact the accuracy of carbon dating, and stone or bone fragments can be irreparably damaged by water.

The cost of climate change

Overhead photo of Jamestown
Jamestown is seen from above, along the James River and a swamp in April 2022. (Photo Credit: Julia Rendleman for The Washington Post via Getty Images)

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Currently, the Jamestown Rediscovery Foundation is raising money to replace the 100-year-old concrete sea wall that protects the settlement from flooding. A century of erosion against the concrete has threatened the wall’s effectiveness. But a new sea wall is just the start if Jamestown is going to survive the effects of climate change.

Implementing a better drainage system, raising roads, and building infrastructure to prevent flooding will cost the site tens of millions of dollars. With so much to do and only a handful of years to outrun the permanent damage of climate change, Jamestown is once more pioneering American history by raising awareness about the changing climate and all that could be lost without action.