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24 Bronze Statues From Ancient Tuscan Baths to Go On Display

Photo Credit: Str / Xinhua via Getty Images
Photo Credit: Str / Xinhua via Getty Images

As exciting as it is when new discoveries are made from the past by archaeologists, sometimes we’re left wondering just why they’re so important or historically significant – think of statues with missing body parts, or broken shards of pottery. A find from an archaeological site in Tuscany, Italy has shown just why these discoveries are so important, as researchers say it could “rewrite history.” Beginning in late June 2023, visitors to Rome will be able to see the statues for themselves.

Tuscan thermal springs

The discovery was made in the sacred baths of San Casciano dei Bagni which have been under excavation since 2019 as part of an effort to understand more about the history of the Etruscans and Romans. The area is of historical importance as it is the location of a series of natural thermal pools which were turned into the Balnea Clusinae, an ancient spa said to be founded by an Etruscan king.

Aerial view of a Tuscan archaeological site with lots of stone, surrounded by trees.
Aerial view of the thermal bath of the archaeological site where the 2000-years-old bronze statues were discovered at the sanctuary of San Casciano dei Bagni, in Tuscany, November 11, 2022. (Photo Credit: Andreas Solaro/ AFP/ Getty Images)

The Romans and other civilizations continued to use the baths until the early 20th century. It was underneath layers of mud within the baths that archaeologists found 24 statues, as well as ancient coins, buried and extremely well preserved. Among these statues was one built out of bronze nearly 2,000 years ago.

This discovery was a major moment for those involved in the dig and it’s being called one of the most significant finds in the Mediterranean since 1972. It was during this year that researchers discovered the Riace bronze warriors, two life-sized bronze statues created by the Greeks, in the sea in the south of Italy.

Ancient statues

Archaeologists first knew to look for the statues at the Tuscan baths after coming across a series of hands protruding from the mud. As they continued their excavations, they uncovered the statues which were generally made in the likeness of ancient deities or other important figures. Among those which have been identified were a statue of Apollo – God of healing, archery, music, and arts, and Hygieia – Goddess of health. The statues are historically impressive for a number of reasons.

First, they make up the largest deposit of ancient bronze statues of their age to ever be discovered in Italy. Additionally, many statues from this era that were previously found were made of terracotta, whereas those found at San Casciano dei Bagni are bronze. In addition to the statues, the coins and other offerings that were located in the baths tell researchers that the area was likely only used by the wealthiest of the Etruscan and Roman families living in, or traveling to, the area.

Altering history

So what is it about these statues that “rewrite history?” It all has to do with the historically difficult relations between the Romans and the Etruscans. The artifacts have been dated to the period when the region was transitioning from Etruscan rule to becoming part of the Roman Empire between the second and first century BC. This period was fraught with instability and difficulties between the two peoples.

The statues, however, give evidence that despite this unrest, both Etruscans and Romans would pray together at the thermal springs. One of the dig organizers, Jacopo Tabolli, said that “While there were social and civil wars being fought outside the sanctuary…inside the sanctuary the great elite Etruscan and Roman families prayed together in a context of peace surrounded by conflict.”

Given the significance of the find, the Italian Ministry of Culture immediately announced its plans to construct a new museum to house the artifacts.

The statues will be placed on display

In June 2023, the remarkable 24 bronze statues will be publicly exhibited for the very first time.

A view of the Quirinale Palace, the residence of the President of the Italian Republic
A view of the Quirinale Palace, the residence of the President of the Italian Republic. (Photo Credit: Fabrizio Villa/Getty Images)

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Following months of careful restoration at a laboratory in Grosseto, these remarkable pieces will grace the halls of the Quirinale Palace in Rome from June 22nd to October 22nd. Following this exhibition they will ultimately find their permanent home in a newly established museum, within a splendid 16th-century palace that offers breathtaking views of enchanting pools.

Rosemary Giles

Rosemary Giles is a history content writer with Hive Media. She received both her bachelor of arts degree in history, and her master of arts degree in history from Western University. Her research focused on military, environmental, and Canadian history with a specific focus on the Second World War. As a student, she worked in a variety of research positions, including as an archivist. She also worked as a teaching assistant in the History Department.

Since completing her degrees, she has decided to take a step back from academia to focus her career on writing and sharing history in a more accessible way. With a passion for historical learning and historical education, her writing interests include social history, and war history, especially researching obscure facts about the Second World War. In her spare time, Rosemary enjoys spending time with her partner, her cats, and her horse, or sitting down to read a good book.