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Inside Skull and Bones, One of America’s Most Mysterious Secret Societies

Photo Credit: Universal Studios / MovieStillsDB
Photo Credit: Universal Studios / MovieStillsDB

Each year, 15 undergraduate seniors from Yale University are “tapped” to join the ranks of Skull and Bones, one of the most mysterious secret societies in the United States. Much of what is known about the society comes from conjecture and rumor, which has allowed it to remain at the forefront of the country’s consciousness.

It dates back nearly 200 years

Skull and two bones atop a pillow
Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons, Public Domain

Skull and Bones was founded by William H. Russell and Alphonso Taft in 1832 following a dispute between societies Linonia, Calliopean Society and Brothers in Unity over that year’s Phi Beta Kappa Awards. Both were students at Yale and inspired by Germany’s occult secret societies, and thus created a faux-occult club to worship Eulogia, a fake goddess of eloquence.

The society limited its membership to solely white Protestant males for the majority of its existence. Black males were permitted admittance starting in 1965, while women were only given the opportunity in 1992. However, this wasn’t without opposition, as member William F. Buckley sued to block females’ admission.

‘322’ and the Lamian War

Bust of Demosthenes
Bust of Demosthenes at the Vatican Museum. (Photo Credit: Brogi / Wikimedia Commons CC0 1.0, Public Domain Dedication)

There are many rumors surrounding the meaning behind the number “322” in the society’s insignia. One speculates the number represents “founded in ’32, 2nd Corps,” in reference to the first Corps of an unknown German university. However, the majority believe it relates to the death of Greek orator Demosthenes during the Lamian War.

In 322 B.C., Demosthenes’ death marked the end of the Lamian War and signaled that the Athenians needed to dissolve their government and replace it with a plutocratic system. Documents in the Tomb have reportedly been found dated to “anno-Demostheni,” and a letter between early members suggests Skull and Bones measures time from 322 B.C., as opposed to the common era.

Rumored rituals

Wax seals featuring the logo for Skull and Bones
Skull and Bones wax seals, circa 1865. (Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons, Public Domain)

Given the secretive nature of the society, no one is exactly sure what Skull and Bones’ initiate rituals consist of. There have been multiple stories regarding initiates lying in coffins while other Bonesmen chant, “reborn, reborn.” Other versions speak of the initiates lying in their coffins naked while describing their intimate history.

Outside of this, rumors have mentioned gifts of $15,000 and a lifetime guarantee of financial security. Other stories are reminiscent of ancient Greece, with initiates being made to wrestle each other in a puddle of mud.

The Tomb

Exterior of the Tomb
The Tomb. (Photo Credit: Nevit Dilmen / Wikimedia Commons CC BY-SA 3.0)

Every secret society needs to have a meeting place. During the early years of Skull and Bones, its members rented out on-campus buildings to hold their late-night discussions. In 1856, they constructed the Tomb, a building that’s become synonymous with the society.

Every Thursday and Sunday, Bonesmen meet at the windowless brownstone, which has been expanded over the years. In 1903, the second wing was constructed, while Davis-designed Neo-Gothic towers were added to the rear garden in 1912. The most recent addition occurred in the late-1990s, when the wrought iron fence was designed.

What’s in a name?

List of Skull and Bones members from 1920
Class of 1920. (Photo Credit: Yale Banner / Wikimedia Commons, Public Domain)

When new members join Skull and Bones, they are required to take on a new name that their fellow Bonesmen will refer to them as for the rest of their lives. Some are allowed to choose their own nicknames, while others are given the names of those who came before them.

Those who served as varsity football captains are known as “Boaz,” while those who seem to be the most promiscuous are called “Magog.”

Members have achieved great success

William Taft + George H.W. Bush + George W. Bush
L to R: William Taft, George H.W. Bush and George W. Bush. (Photo Credit: 1. Anders Zorn / Wikimedia Commons 2. Wikimedia Commons 3. Eric Draper / Wikimedia Commons, Public Domain)

For the majority of initiates, being tapped to join Skull and Bones is a guarantee they’ll go on to have a successful future. While this likely comes from the fact that Yale is among the most prestigious universities in the US, it’s also based on the society’s alumni.

Among those who were Bonesmen include three former presidents – William Taft, George H.W. Bush, and George W. Bush – as well as Fortune 500 CEOs, CIA officials, and Henry Luce, founder of Time magazine.

Travel to Deer Island

Cottage along the water
Deer Island. (Photo Credit: PJ Harris / Wikimedia Commons CC BY 1.0)

Everyone needs a holiday to destress, including members of secret societies. For Bonesmen, the most common vacation spot was Deer Island, located along the St. Lawrence River in Alexandria, New York. It played host to picnics and networking events, allowing new inductees to rub shoulders with the older generations.

While the 40-acre island has since been left derelict, it once featured servants who catered meals to its grandiose cottages. For new members, being invited to Deer Island allowed them to meet with some of the country’s rich and famous, and provided them with an insight into how their futures would unfold.


Geronimo (c. 1829-1909). Leader of the Chiricahua Apache tribe in Arizona. (Photo Credit: Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

As it turns out, Bonesmen believe “stealing” is a lame term for taking something that isn’t theirs. They’ve taken to calling it “crooking,” and often hold competitions to outdo each other’s “crooks.” Their primary targets are keepsakes from campus buildings and other Yale secret societies.

Skull and Bones has been accused of stealing the skulls of Pancho Villa, Martin Van Buren, and Geronimo. In 2009, the latter’s descendants charged the society with theft of his remains, as it was rumored Prescott Bush, President George H.W. Bush’s father, broke into his grave during World War I and nicked his skull and two bones. The case was eventually dismissed by the courts.

More from us: The Bohemian Club Is a Secret Society Five American Presidents Belonged To

Skull and Bones has been depicted in many books, movies, and television shows throughout the years.

Clare Fitzgerald

Clare Fitzgerald is a Writer and Editor with eight years of experience in the online content sphere. Graduating with a Bachelor of Arts from King’s University College at Western University, her portfolio includes coverage of digital media, current affairs, history and true crime.

Among her accomplishments are being the Founder of the true crime blog, Stories of the Unsolved, which garners between 400,000 and 500,000 views annually, and a contributor for John Lordan’s Seriously Mysterious podcast. Prior to its hiatus, she also served as the Head of Content for UK YouTube publication, TenEighty Magazine.

In her spare time, Clare likes to play Pokemon GO and re-watch Heartland over and over (and over) again. She’ll also rave about her three Maltese dogs whenever she gets the chance.

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